예약금없는출장샵
  • 김해신천 모텔 추천
  • 온라인카지노
  • 카지노사이트
  • 홍성포항 양덕 마사지
  • 김해출장맛사지➳예약〓김해안마방 일베〖김해발바닥 마사지〗✗<김해족저근막염 마사지>✂김해안마방 예약➷김해얼굴 작아지는 마사지┆김해지저분한 색스 나고야 여성 전용 마사지♐김해수원역 안마방↕김해용암동 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    카지노사이트
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    김해출장맛사지╣24시출장샵╗김해안마방 일베〖김해정자 안마방〗↔<김해부산 안마방 추천>◦김해당동 안마방╧김해예약금 없는 출장╚김해안마↫김해전주 타이 마사지◤김해단체 안마방

    The governments of more than 190 nations 대구하남 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    김해출장맛사지ε24시출장샵☣김해안마방 일베〖김해안마〗☠<김해갓비비 마사지>╉김해안마방 퇴폐❖김해마사지 어플☈김해소라넷 안마방☪김해에스코트 모델⇉김해맛사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    김해출장맛사지┡예약금없는출장샵♣김해안마방 일베〖김해유재석 안마방〗卐<김해페니스 마사지>✁김해야탑 안마방▶김해마사지 샤워기✓김해신림역 안마방➳김해남성전용마사지✡김해수유역 마사지

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 대전출장샵 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    김해출장맛사지⇍출장부르는법◑김해안마방 일베〖김해신림동 여관〗☐<김해일본 마사지 품번>☺김해사당 출장↮김해부천 마사지0김해마사지나라♀ 김해동두천 안마방⇂김해상하이 마사지

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 문경부천 대딸방 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    김해출장맛사지→24시출장샵╛김해안마방 일베〖김해안마방 경찰〗┵<김해괌 마사지>↺김해의정부 모텔 추천┷김해마사지 porn➳김해김포 타이 마사지♨김해마사지⇪김해텀블러 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 서울출장안마 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    김해출장맛사지김해남자 안마방

  • 경주포항 모텔 추천
  • 김해출장샵후기
  • 김해출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    김해출장맛사지θ출장부르는법✖김해안마방 일베〖김해목포 모텔 추천〗┓<김해손목 마사지>┴김해안마방 와꾸╈김해질 마사지⇪김해안마방 레베카↲김해전립선 마사지 효과✆김해출장걸

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 제주도전립선 마사지 방법 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 수원출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    부산출장샵
    고령출장 오피 창원출장샵 부산지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성전용 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, webdesigners.xyz – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    김해출장맛사지╋24시출장샵♀김해안마방 일베〖김해에이미 성인〗✆<김해인계동 안마방 후기>♀김해전효성 마사지♨김해잇몸 마사지▼김해av 마사지ト김해길동 마사지セ김해강릉 모텔 추천

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 진주불광동 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    김해출장맛사지╪출장부르는법▩김해안마방 일베〖김해코코넛오일 마사지〗╬<김해새로운 안마방 아가씨>╌김해마사지 영어↺김해두통 완화 마사지☵김해안마방 전화♗김해일본 마사지 토렌트囍김해창녕 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    천안포르치오 마사지
    시흥안마방 신고 부산출장샵 계룡안마방 질내사정
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    김해출장맛사지⇙예약[김해안마방 일베〖김해광양 마사지〗◀<김해보령 안마방>┑김해방콕 마사지 추천⇣김해건대 마사지☆김해2콩 안마방☈김해강릉 모텔 추천☢김해송강동 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 온라인카지노 .

    김해출장맛사지◎예약╄김해안마방 일베〖김해안마방 출근부〗↔<김해소프 마사지>┙김해타이 마사지 썰☠김해경포대 안마방ヌ김해안마방 수면실﹃김해안마방 나무«김해지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성전용 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 카지노사이트 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 포항마사지 카운터 알바 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    김해출장맛사지⇃24시출장샵➳김해안마방 일베〖김해어깨 마사지〗╄<김해구미 모텔 추천>❈김해어방동 마사지╪김해구미 마사지♡김해마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ╊김해상추 안마방☵김해갑상선 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    김해출장맛사지█24시출장샵ヤ김해안마방 일베〖김해마사지 오일〗ヨ<김해콜걸추천>❈김해조건 만남 카페╗김해족저근막염 마사지↽김해안마방 국산░김해야 동 마사지✉김해용산 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 서귀포상무지구 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 수원출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 창원출장샵 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 정읍안마방 엉덩이 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 전주출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    김해출장맛사지▬예약➚김해안마방 일베〖김해종로 안마방〗┟<김해안마방 영어로>カ김해분당 안마방◆김해흥출장안마╗김해조건 만남 카페╂김해서초 마사지ε김해괌 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 대구출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 카지노사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 카지노사이트 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    김해출장맛사지☻예약금없는출장샵☌김해안마방 일베〖김해구의 마사지〗❂<김해부평 에이스 안마방>↺김해천안 오피스╮김해출장샵추천♨김해백마 안마방↺김해손 마사지テ김해속초 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    공주사타구니 마사지
    카지노사이트 장흥일본 마사지 노모 바카라사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    김해출장맛사지☾24시출장샵▣김해안마방 일베〖김해남자 전립선 마사지〗┋<김해거제 안마방 추천>▪김해김포 마사지◙김해마사지 로드샵↸김해정왕동 안마방↔김해안마방 대딸▐김해헬로우 드림

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.김해출장맛사지김해안마방 물다이 몰카➛김해이태원 안마방⇞<김해남순 마사지>김해남자 마사지☂김해고관절 마사지☑김해관자놀이 마사지☞김해안마방 텀블러❀창원출장샵예약김해용인 마사지◢김해오피 안마방0〈김해선입금 출장〉김해정왕동 마사지☼김해후두 마사지⇔김해순천 타이 마사지♢김해y존 마사지➵김해출장맛사지전주출장샵안내김해오일 마사지↘김해출장샵 예약금▨<김해안마방 오일>김해안마방 아쿠아⇁김해천안역 근처 모텔➹김해상록수 안마방♟김해모텔 전화◎김해두피 마사지サ김해마사지 샤워기↷[김해다낭 붐붐 마사지]김해노량진 안마방↼김해삼산동 출장║김해구리 안마방┄김해범계 마사지⇟김해안마방 똥까시√김해체코 마사지⇅[김해부산 해운대 안마방]김해서현 안마방⇦김해간석오거리 안마방╚김해코코넛오일 마사지┛김해동서울 안마방φ김해안마방 휴게텔ロ김해아로마 마사지◥〈김해안마방 미러〉김해안마방 체크카드▫김해마사지 서양┯김해사상구 마사지━김해아로마 마사지 뜻⇡예약서울마사지 야동24시출장샵김해안마방 위키✍김해강남 안마방 내상➛﹝김해출장안마 가격﹞김해제천 마사지❥김해포항 마사지 후기♪김해덕천 마사지↿김해오사카 마사지⇠김해출장맛사지김해출장맛사지대구출장안마김해구미 봉곡동 마사지김해전주 안마방 가격김해오일 전신 마사지김해출장김해출장맛사지김해손가락 마사지╎김해출장코스가격ソ《김해서울출장안마》김해건전 마사지☢김해음부 마사지キ김해양산 젤리 마사지☏김해군산 터미널 모텔κ대전중국 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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