출장부르는법
  • 고흥천안 출장마사지
  • 온라인카지노
  • 대구출장샵
  • 거제건식 마사지
  • 고흥콜걸╊출장부르는법➳고흥진주 마사지<고흥제기동 안마방>τ{고흥여주 모텔 추천}↱고흥타이마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ▷고흥상추 안마방↺고흥오피스텔 마사지↔고흥눈 마사지 기계▷고흥출장 모텔

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    온라인카지노
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    고흥콜걸✍예약금없는출장샵⇀고흥진주 마사지<고흥셀룰라이트 마사지>┐{고흥안마방 비용}☈고흥무릎 마사지ε고흥오산 안마방♬고흥다낭 마사지⇐고흥동남아 마사지⇖고흥모텔 아가씨

    The governments of more than 190 nations 고창예약금 없는 출장 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    고흥콜걸☞출장부르는법☾고흥진주 마사지<고흥일본에서 한국녀섭외 마사지>✥{고흥일산 여관}コ고흥왕십리 마사지ξ고흥푸켓 크리스틴 러브 마사지❤고흥발안 모텔⇜고흥어스파ヤ고흥안마방 레베카

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    고흥콜걸♫예약금없는출장샵⇏고흥진주 마사지<고흥안마방 정보>↹{고흥철산 안마방}┋고흥마사지 단속┮고흥해수욕 마사지テ고흥양재 마사지ζ고흥양배추 안마방↽고흥안마방 노출

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories mycamp.xyz . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    고흥콜걸η예약╝고흥진주 마사지<고흥안양역 안마방>▲{고흥병점 안마방}♡고흥안마방 처음➼고흥전주 여관⇠고흥마사지 종류♭고흥상인동 안마방┬고흥일본 마사지 토렌트

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 고성마사지 영상 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    고흥콜걸W출장부르는법£고흥진주 마사지<고흥선입금 없는 출장 만남>➡{고흥베트남 마사지 야동}◎고흥필리핀 안마방♦고흥야동 마사지➛고흥마사지 노모↺고흥전주 모텔 가격┛고흥안양 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 카지노사이트 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    고흥콜걸고흥셀프 어깨 마사지

  • 광명금정 안마방
  • 고흥마사지 텀블러
  • 고흥콜걸
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    고흥콜걸⊙예약│고흥진주 마사지<고흥베이징 안마방>♦{고흥aktkwl}⇛고흥서울 조건 카톡⊿고흥군산 모텔 추천┡고흥대전 커플 마사지✦고흥출장샵추천♟고흥체코 마사지 토렌트

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 정읍대구 모텔 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 바카라사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    카지노사이트
    부천마사지 검색 창원출장샵 용인사가정 안마방
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 창원출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    고흥콜걸024시출장샵┌고흥진주 마사지<고흥정선 사북 마사지>⇂{고흥향남 안마방}☠고흥마사지 품번 추천◐고흥양평 마사지⇘고흥사당 출장⇆고흥천안 카페⇋고흥마곡 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 파주하드코어 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    고흥콜걸✄출장부르는법♣고흥진주 마사지<고흥중국전통마사지 팁>⇉{고흥서현역 마사지}▶고흥창동 마사지⇘고흥발안 모텔♣고흥안마방 정보ρ고흥호치민 리버티 마사지↽고흥서울대입구 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    계룡아산 안마방
    속초백석동 마사지 tongyanglife.xyz 구미아줌마 안마방
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    고흥콜걸☻출장부르는법◕고흥진주 마사지<고흥멜라니>╝{고흥손가락 마사지}─고흥속초 모텔 가격►고흥에이스 안마방0고흥다방 콜⇦고흥부천 안마방┌고흥안마방 여자친구

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    고흥콜걸×24시출장샵❀고흥진주 마사지<고흥해운대 마사지>▼{고흥출장 마사지 썰}セ고흥산본 마사지 후기☺고흥새로운 안마방 아가씨ニ고흥의정부 마사지♩고흥대구 모텔 가격♜고흥안마방 다녀온

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And egw.xyz .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 홍성만남 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    고흥콜걸↑출장부르는법↤고흥진주 마사지<고흥진주 오피>✚{고흥쿠알라룸푸르 마사지}⇂고흥둔산동 엘 마사지☀고흥대전 모텔 다방☍고흥요괴 마사지►고흥어깨통증 마사지♮고흥일산 여관

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    고흥콜걸←출장부르는법⇞고흥진주 마사지<고흥마사지황형>▷{고흥안마방 나이대}▼고흥야몽 마사지⊙고흥턱 마사지☻고흥남자 안마방[고흥서면 마사지0고흥콜걸후기

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 서울 안마방 몰카 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 울산출장안마 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 카지노사이트 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 옥천마사지 모음 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    고흥콜걸イ예약금없는출장샵◄고흥진주 마사지<고흥응암 마사지>↦{고흥눈 커지는 마사지}ρ고흥마사지 수면실ο고흥안마방 처음┗고흥출장 서비스┐고흥안마방 의자▷고흥구글 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 수원출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 카지노사이트 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 대전출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    고흥콜걸▤출장부르는법☀고흥진주 마사지<고흥출장샵>❉{고흥구의 마사지}☯고흥사각턱 마사지⇔고흥소라넷 마사지◑고흥안마방 녹음╤고흥비염 마사지❀고흥신림 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    보령대전 유성 안마방
    수원출장샵 임실족저근막염 마사지 대전출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    고흥콜걸♮예약↔고흥진주 마사지<고흥청주 안마방>┢{고흥마사지 교육}┊고흥다방 티켓 썰ヤ고흥삼산동 출장₪고흥서울 조건 카톡♠고흥최음 마사지☚ 고흥안마방 다녀온

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.고흥콜걸고흥안마방 전립선☈고흥안마방 아영이 토렌트ω{고흥원주 안마방}고흥니시미야 코노미 마사지❀고흥정왕 안마방↛고흥턱 마사지▷고흥평택 마사지☀대전출장안마출장부르는법고흥일산 안마방 가격➽고흥포항 타이 마사지▥﹛고흥휴게텔 안마방 차이﹜고흥안마방 강남○고흥어스파〓고흥배곧 마사지♡고흥조건 카페☆고흥콜걸안동용산구 안마방고흥안마방 휴게┮고흥안마방 신림♖{고흥아산 출장 만남}고흥시화 안마방ω고흥불법 마사지⇔고흥부천 대딸방⇎고흥안마방 도찰▄고흥안마방 tumblr↯고흥안마방 오랄♥〈고흥안마방 태국〉고흥마사지 성추행ψ고흥처음 안마방╤고흥강원랜드 근처 마사지┹고흥안마방 가는 법╒고흥텀블러 안마방♣고흥카톡⇦<고흥안마방 녹음>고흥상무지구 마사지♘고흥콧대 높이는 마사지↕고흥출장안마추천‿고흥엉덩이 마사지✉고흥폰섹 녹음⊕고흥천안 만남☁【고흥안마방 질싸】고흥목욕탕 마사지❃고흥안산 안마방 추천┯고흥자지 마사지↖고흥사상구 마사지❧예약금없는출장샵구리정자 안마방24시출장샵고흥세븐 안마방◎고흥마사지 강간ω「고흥중국 마사지 체험기」고흥전립선 마사지 기구◈고흥파타야 마사지↪고흥출장 후기╬고흥출장만족보장←고흥콜걸고흥콜걸카지노사이트고흥전지역출장마사지샵고흥안마방 가는 법고흥유흥 마사지고흥향남 안마방고흥콜걸고흥베트남 하노이 마사지☀고흥여인숙 여자✒[고흥서초 마사지]고흥제주시청 마사지▧ 고흥천안 유흥◦고흥전주 모텔 가격┕고흥순천 안마방↣청주답십리 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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