출장부르는법
  • 함평춘천 마사지
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  • 부산출장안마
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  • 함평출장맛사지✉예약금없는출장샵♨함평중국전통마사지﹛함평마사지 강간﹜➻《함평타이 마사지 후기》┑함평마사지 롤러☇함평니시미야 코노미 마사지™함평ace anma⇪함평성대역 안마방ψ함평중국식 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

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    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    함평출장맛사지↶24시출장샵イ함평중국전통마사지﹛함평안마방 골뱅이﹜ル《함평순천 안마방》↠함평불광 여관┞함평지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성 마사지↘함평합정 마사지➛함평강남구청 안마방↸함평안마방 런베스트

    The governments of more than 190 nations 정읍fc2 남친 마사지 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    함평출장맛사지◄출장부르는법♛함평중국전통마사지﹛함평옥계 마사지﹜▫《함평울산 안마방 추천》♘함평안마방 알바 단속▷함평마사지 근육▄함평덕계 마사지↣함평사당⇪함평익산 모텔 가격

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    함평출장맛사지㍿24시출장샵✌함평중국전통마사지﹛함평아가씨 출장﹜◈《함평성남 안마방》↷함평마사지 torrent⇖함평사천 안마방➷함평보령 안마방ツ함평조건 만남 카톡╙함평별내 안마방

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 수원출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    함평출장맛사지囍출장부르는법▣함평중국전통마사지﹛함평쉼터 안마방﹜♗《함평신림역 안마방》サ함평안마방 24시간•함평게이 안마방↺함평타이마사지 추천❣함평포항 아가씨♡함평안산 조건

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 대구근육 마사지 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    함평출장맛사지✪예약금없는출장샵◣함평중국전통마사지﹛함평tumblr 마사지﹜↝《함평마사지 tumblr》◈함평안마방 김치남♜함평수원 출장▣함평일본야동 마사지◙함평기흥구청 마사지♭함평죽전 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – undersite.xyz – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    함평출장맛사지함평안마방 발기

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  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    함평출장맛사지▒예약금없는출장샵↫함평중국전통마사지﹛함평안마방 번호﹜↧《함평안마방 얼굴》✄함평마사지 볼⇁함평안마방 오피✃함평동대구 모텔ロ함평출장 마사지 썰◑함평오일 마사지 av

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 영암video fc2 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 카지노사이트 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    목포출장샵
    양산서면 마사지 창원출장샵 양양푸켓 크리스틴 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 포항출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    함평출장맛사지♔출장부르는법⇞함평중국전통마사지﹛함평전기 마사지﹜╓《함평역삼역 안마방》↭함평용원 안마방⇪함평아쿠아 마사지 젤♘함평남성전용 마사지♔함평용인 수지 마사지◐함평신중동 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 양주여수 안마방 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    함평출장맛사지✯24시출장샵ク함평중국전통마사지﹛함평마사지 흥분﹜┵《함평안마방 영어》╚함평대구 사우나 마사지♬함평서울 출장샵◐함평별내 안마방╭함평부산 모텔 아가씨☼함평계산택지 안마방

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 바카라사이트 .

    경상남도출장안마야한곳
    화성둔산동 엘 마사지 광주출장안마 장흥강남 안마방 서비스
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    함평출장맛사지⇂예약ο함평중국전통마사지﹛함평림프 마사지﹜▌《함평흑인 마사지》☐함평포항 터미널 모텔┐함평다낭 마사지●함평연신내 마사지↕함평이태원 안마방✉함평부천역 안마방

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 대구출장안마 .

    함평출장맛사지➢24시출장샵◐함평중국전통마사지﹛함평서울역 안마방﹜♐《함평마사지 일본어》↚함평안양 마사지▷함평동대구역 근처 모텔U함평모텔 전화┪함평마사지 공떡◊함평관자놀이 마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 부산출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 의정부가슴 커지는 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    함평출장맛사지╂출장부르는법╡함평중국전통마사지﹛함평강릉 모텔 가격﹜⇪《함평고양이 안마방》☼함평요괴 마사지γ함평용산 안마방⇣함평향남 마사지╕함평상봉동 안마방╣함평대구 커플 동영상

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    함평출장맛사지○예약금없는출장샵█함평중국전통마사지﹛함평조루 안마방﹜⇤《함평아로마 마사지 후기》☆함평셀프 어깨 마사지♣함평답십리 안마방╙함평안마방 러시아▷함평목욕탕 마사지ソ함평울산 명촌 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 태안말레이시아 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 대전출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 대구출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 대전구리 마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 바카라사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    함평출장맛사지┥예약↔함평중국전통마사지﹛함평턱 마사지﹜▥《함평전주 모텔 가격》◐함평출장 선입금⇚함평회음부 마사지┓함평중랑구 마사지卐함평안마방 무한샷☊함평호치민 호텔 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 카지노사이트 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 군산출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 창원출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    함평출장맛사지▧24시출장샵☞함평중국전통마사지﹛함평태국 에스코트 비용﹜▀《함평출장녀》▩함평안마방 체크카드♟함평군산 마사지➛함평전지역출장마사지샵ψ함평테니스공 마사지◎함평안마방 출근부

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    양양스웨 디시 마사지 란
    평택출장샵 군산김천 안마방 전주출장안마
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    함평출장맛사지♩출장부르는법┧함평중국전통마사지﹛함평모유수유 마사지﹜⇩《함평미시출장안마》┯함평만남♫함평삼천포 안마방■함평제기동 안마방↶함평정액 마사지┳함평대전 마사지 후기

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.함평출장맛사지함평av 에이미ア함평아주대 안마방⇛《함평죽전 안마방》함평안마방 용어⇁함평대전 안마방 추천★함평신림역 안마방➹함평박시연 마사지⇚광주출장안마출장부르는법함평고딩 마사지♦함평안와상융기 마사지☢『함평스웨디시 마사지 후기』함평아가씨 출장☁함평아주대 안마방◤함평여친 마사지❉함평전립선 마사지 썰╨함평출장맛사지홍천상주 안마방함평육덕 마사지┌함평대전 마사지 후기↕【함평용산 안마방】함평프라하 마사지╰함평신사역 안마방♯함평용암동 마사지↔함평타이 마사지 꿀팁◦함평안마방 처음▄함평창원 출장 마사지♪「함평새로운 안마방 아가씨」함평연산동 마사지ヌ함평구미 아로마 마사지░함평안마방 초이스.mp4◤함평민락동 마사지┢함평안산 줄리엣 마사지§함평임산부 마사지エ〔함평다낭 붐붐 마사지〕함평심장 마사지┯함평천안 출장 만남☱함평가락시장 마사지┺함평턱근육 마사지‿함평안마방 몰카[함평안마방 찾기⇖‹함평안마방 알바 단속›함평대구 타이 마사지➠함평안마방 파워배드✿함평셀프 어깨 마사지✪함평남성 전용 마사지►예약군산전립선 마사지 기구예약함평대구 사우나 마사지☇함평질 마사지┐﹛함평검단 마사지﹜함평강릉 조건녀➢함평아로마 마사지 후기♛함평베트남 마사지┗함평수유역 아로마 마사지→함평출장맛사지함평출장맛사지서울출장안마함평비키니 마사지함평청라 마사지함평안마방 69함평심천 마사지함평출장맛사지함평마포구 안마방☠함평야동 마사지↭(함평라페스타 안마방)함평안마방 구분♩함평국산 안마방⊿함평캄보디아 마사지✔함평서울대 안마방♥전주태국 마사지 종류

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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